Antimicrobial Edible Film from Banana Peels as Food Packaging


This research aim to utilize banana peels as main material of edible film. Banana peels are combinated with gliserol as plasticizer and clove oil as antimicrobial. Plasticizer make edible film  more elastic and flexible. Clove oil as preservative of edible film that prevent growth of microba, bactery, and mushroom. This reaserch is divided two steps, first step is making banana peel starch, banana peels which have been pulverize, filtered with addition of water and press with cloth filter until grouts not produce filtrate. And the filtrate is precipitated for 34-48 hours and then its dried. Second step is making edible film which add aquadest 100 ml, banana starch 2%, gliserol 30%, and clove oil 4%.

Keyword: edible; banana peel; plastic; glycerol.

PDF Format of Article



  • Cervera, M.F., Heinamaki, J., Krogars, K., and Jorgensen, A.C, Solid-State and Mechanical Properties of Aqueous Chitosan-Amylose Starch Films Plasticized With Polyols, AAPS PharmSciTech, 5, 2005, pp.15-20.
  • Diredja, D., Mempelajari Pengaruh Penambahan Sodium Karboksimetilselulosa terhadap Karakteristik Edible film dari Protein Bungkil Kedelai. Fateta: IPB, 1996.
  • Gennadios, A., and C.L. Edible Film, Influence of The Main Process Variable On Properties, Using Response Surface Methodolg, J. Food Tech, 57 ( 1 ), 1992, pp.190 – 195, 199.
  • Guilbert, S., A survey on protein absed materials for food, agricultural and biotechnological uses. In Active bioplymer films and coating for food and biotechnological uses. Park,H.J., R.F.Testin, M.S.Chinnan and J.W.Park (Ed). Materials of Pre-Congress Short Course of IUFoST, Korea University-Seoul, Korea, 2001.
  • Krochta, J. M. ,and C. M. ,Johnson. Edible Film and Biodegradable Polymer Film Challenger and Opportunities, Food Tech, 51 ( 2 ), 1997, pp. 61-74.
  • Mc Hugh, T.H;and krochta, J.M., Sorbitol vs Glycerol plasticized whey protein edible films: Integrated.oxygen permeability and tensile property evaluation,J.Agric.Food chem..42:841_5, 1992.
  • Mc Hugh, T. H and J. M. Krochta, Permeability Properties of Edible Film, dalam Krochta, J. M., E. A. Baldwin and M.O. Nisperos – Carriedo ( Eds ), Edible Coating and Film to Improve Food Quality, Technomic Pulb. Co. Inc. , Lancester, Basel, 1994.
  • Munadjim, Teknologi Pengolahan Pisang, PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta, 1983.
  • Seal, K.J., Test methods and standards for biodegradable plastic. In: . Chemistry and technology of biodegradable polymer: Griffin, G.J.L. Blackie Academic and Proffesional, Chapman and Hall, 1994.
  • Siracusa, V., P., Rocculi, S., Romani,M.D., Rosa, Biodegradable Polymers for Food Packaging: AReview, Trendsin Food Science & Technology, doi:10.1016/j.tift.2008.07.003, 2008.
  • Siswono, Jaringan Informasi pangan dan Gizi, volume XIV. Ditjen Bina Gizi Masyarakat, Jakarta, 2008..
  • Syarief.R., S. Santausa and Isyana, Teknologi Pengemasan Pangan, PAU Pangan dan Gizi, IPB Bogor, 1989.
  • Ward, I.M. and D.W. Hadley, An introduction on the mechanical properties of solid polymers, Wiley, New York, 1993.
  • Winarno, F. G., Kimia Pangan dan Gizi. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 1995.
  • Yuli Darni, Chici A, Sri Ismiyati D., Sintesa Bioplastik dari Pati Pisang dan Gelatin dengan Plasticizer Gliserol.Universitas Lampung, Seminar Nasional Sains dan Teknologi-II, 2008.